Homogeneity in the relationship of serum cholesterol to coronary deaths across different cultures: 40-year follow-up of the Seven Countries Study

Alessandro Menotti, Mariapaola Lanti, Daan Kromhout, Henry Blackburn, David Jacobs, Aulikki Nissinen, Anastasios Dontas, Antony Kafatos, Srecko Nedeljkovic, Hisashi Adachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim was to investigate whether multivariate coefficients of serum cholesterol in the prediction of coronary heart disease (CHD) deaths were similar across different cultures in a long-term follow-up. Thirteen cohorts for a total of 10157 men aged 40–59 years at entry, enrolled in seven countries (USA, Finland, the Netherlands, Italy, Serbia, Greece, Japan) were repeatedly examined and followed up for 40 years. Serum cholesterol measured at baseline, and then on repeated occasions, was studied, using multivariate models, in relation with the occurrence of CHD deaths during a 40-year follow-up. Homogeneity of multivariate serum cholesterol coefficients was found considering cholesterol levels at baseline, as average of up to three measurements during the first 10 years, as average of up to six measurements in 35 years, using the time-dependent technique with up to three measurements in 10 years, and with up to six measurement in 35 years. The strength of the association between serum cholesterol and CHD death seems homogeneous across different cultures characterized by different levels of serum cholesterol and different absolute risk of CHD death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)719-725
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008

Keywords

  • coronary heart disease
  • population studies
  • prediction
  • serum cholesterol

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