Homelessness experiences and gender identity in a population-based sample of adolescents

Marla E Eisenberg, Emily Denight Kelly, Annie-Laurie McRee, Sonya S. Brady, Andrew J Barnes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper examines the prevalence of homelessness among transgender/gender diverse (TGD) youth in a population-based sample of adolescents. We used data from a statewide sample of 9th and 11th grade adolescents in Minnesota who responded to a school-based survey during 2016 (N = 80,929). Survey questions assessed adolescents' gender identity and experiences of homelessness (either with adult family members or unaccompanied) in the past 12 months. We used chi-square analyses to compare the prevalence of homelessness between gender identity groups. Overall, 2.7% of the sample reported identifying as TGD. Significantly more TGD (vs. cisgender) youth reported experiencing homelessness either with adult family members (6.7% vs. 3.5%) or unaccompanied (3.6% vs. 1.1%; p <.0001). Findings from this population-based survey suggest that TGD youth are more likely to experience homelessness, either with a family member or unaccompanied, than cisgender peers. Ensuring housing stability among this population is critical, given health risks associated with homelessness during adolescence. Data on homelessness experiences of TGD youth are needed to inform practice and policies for this distinct population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100986
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
Volume16
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

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Homeless Persons
Transgender Persons
Population
Public Policy
Health

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Gender identity
  • Homelessness

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Cite this

Homelessness experiences and gender identity in a population-based sample of adolescents. / Eisenberg, Marla E; Kelly, Emily Denight; McRee, Annie-Laurie; Brady, Sonya S.; Barnes, Andrew J.

In: Preventive Medicine Reports, Vol. 16, 100986, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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