Holocene stable-isotope stratigraphy at Lough Gur, County Limerick, Western Ireland

Karin Ahlberg, Elisabeth Almgren, H. E. Wright, Emi Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


After the pronounced fluctuation of 4‰ in δ18O during the Younger Dryas and the 1‰ dip during the Preboreal Oscillation, values for δ18O decreased very steadily from -2.5 to -5.3‰ from 9300 to about 8000 14C yr BP (uncal.). This early-Holocene decrease of almost 3‰ is interpreted as a result of a decline of almost 6°C in the temperature of precipitation. The previous high temperature of much of the Lateglacial and the Preboreal (12000-9300 yr BP uncal.) may reflect warm summers related to greater insolation and warm winters caused by the influence of the Laurentide ice sheet on atmospheric circulation. After 8000 yr BP a disconformity interrupts the sequence, but after about 5000 yr BP the δ18O and δ13C are irregular because of a low lake level, as shown by the occurrence of littoral shells and woody detritus in the littoral core, and because of anthropogenic factors, as inferred from pollen indicators of forest disturbance and fanning found in both the littoral and offshore cores.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-372
Number of pages6
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2001


  • Cultural impact
  • Holocene vegetation
  • Insolation
  • Lake level
  • Palaeoclimate
  • Stable isotopes


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