Hollow fiber bioartificial liver utilizing collagen-entrapped porcine hepatocyte spheroids

Florence J. Wu, Julie R. Friend, Arye Lazar, Henry J. Mann, Rory P Remmel, Frank B. Cerra, Wei-Shou Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A xenogeneic hollow fiber bioreactor utilizing collagen-entrapped dispersed hepatocytes has been developed as an extracorporeal bioartificial liver (BAL) for potential treatment of acute human fulminant hepatitis. Prolonged viability, enhanced liver-specific functions, and differentiated state have been observed in primary porcine hepatocytes cultivated as spheroids compared to dispersed hepatocytes plated on a monolayer. Entrapment of spheroids into the BAL can potentially improve performance over the existing device. Therefore, studies were conducted to evaluate the feasibility of utilizing spheroids as the functionally active component of our hybrid device. Confocal microscopy indicated high viability of spheroids entrapped into cylindrical collagen gel. Entrapment of spheroids alone into collagen gel showed reduced ability to contract collagen gel. By mixing spheroids with dispersed cells, the extent of collagen gel contraction was increased. Hepatocyte spheroids collagen-entrapped into BAL devices were maintained for over 9 days. Assessment of albumin synthesis and ureagenesis within a spheroid-entrapment BAL indicated higher or at least as high activity on a per-cell basis compared to a dispersed hepatocyte-entrapment BAL device. Clearance of 4-methylumbelliferone to its glucuronide was detected throughout the culture period as a marker of phase II conjugation activity. A spheroid-entrapment bioartificial liver warrants further studies for potential human therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-44
Number of pages11
JournalBiotechnology and bioengineering
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 5 1996

Fingerprint

Artificial Liver
Collagen
Liver
Hepatocytes
Swine
Fibers
Gels
Equipment and Supplies
Hymecromone
Glucuronides
Bioreactors
Confocal microscopy
Confocal Microscopy
Hepatitis
Albumins
Monolayers

Keywords

  • albumin synthesis
  • bioartificial liver
  • bioreactor
  • collagen
  • glucuronidation
  • hepatocyte spheroid
  • hollow fiber
  • porcine hepatocyte
  • ureagenesis

Cite this

Hollow fiber bioartificial liver utilizing collagen-entrapped porcine hepatocyte spheroids. / Wu, Florence J.; Friend, Julie R.; Lazar, Arye; Mann, Henry J.; Remmel, Rory P; Cerra, Frank B.; Hu, Wei-Shou.

In: Biotechnology and bioengineering, Vol. 52, No. 1, 05.10.1996, p. 34-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wu, Florence J. ; Friend, Julie R. ; Lazar, Arye ; Mann, Henry J. ; Remmel, Rory P ; Cerra, Frank B. ; Hu, Wei-Shou. / Hollow fiber bioartificial liver utilizing collagen-entrapped porcine hepatocyte spheroids. In: Biotechnology and bioengineering. 1996 ; Vol. 52, No. 1. pp. 34-44.
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