Hodgkin disease in patients 60 years of age or older. Histologic and clinical features of advanced‐stage disease

Cancer and Leukemia Group B

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. This article reviews the salient pathologic and clinical features of 171 patients with Stage III‐IV disease who were 60 years of age or older who were treated on four Hodgkin disease (HD) protocols from 1969 to 1988. Methods. Pretherapy sections were reviewed centrally for correlation of the histologic classification with anatomic sites of involvement and survival. Results. The diagnosis of HD was confirmed in 114 (66.7%) patients. Non‐Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) and a miscellaneous non‐HD group accounted for 52 (30.4%) and 5 (2.9%) of the cases. The overall median survival times of patients with Stage III‐IV HD and NHL who were 60 years of age or older in the four protocols were not significantly different (1.5 versus 1.3 years, respectively; P = 0.28). There also was no significant correlation between the survival of these patients with HD and either the Rye classification, 19 specific histologic parameters, or the British National Lymphoma Investigation grading system for HDNS. In the last protocol, the 5‐year survival rate of patients with HD who were 60 years of age or older was lower than that of patients 40–59 years of age or that of those younger than 40 years of age (31% versus 63% versus 79%, respectively, P < 0.0001). Patients with HD entered into the two most recent protocols showed lower incidences of involvement of cervical and iliac‐inguinal‐femoral lymph nodes and skin‐subcutaneous tissues than the patients with NHL who were mis‐diagnosed as HD. Moreover, patients with Stage III‐IV HD in the most recent protocol who were 60 years of age or older had lower rates of involvement of the cervical and mediastinal‐hilar lymph nodes and a higher rate of involvement of the gastrointestinal tract than younger patients. Conclusions. Patients with Stage III‐IV HD and NHL who are 60 years of age or older differ with respect to the rates of involvement of specific anatomic sites but not in survival when treated with HD protocols. In contrast, patients of different age groups with Stage III‐IV HD disease differ with regard to the rates of involvement of anatomic sites and survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1857-1866
Number of pages10
JournalCancer
Volume71
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1993

Keywords

  • Hodgkin disease
  • age
  • anatomic sites
  • classification
  • non‐Hodgkin lymphoma
  • survival
  • treatment

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