HIV treatment optimism and sexual risk behaviors among HIV positive African American men who have sex with men

John L. Peterson, Michael H. Miner, David J. Brennan, B. R. Simon Rosser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The association between HIV treatment optimism-beliefs about susceptibility to transmit HIV, motivation to use condoms, and severity of HIV-and sexual risk behavior was examined among HIV-positive African American men who have sex with men (MSM). Participants were 174 men recruited in four major metropolitan areas of the United States to participate in a weekend HIV risk reduction intervention. Baseline results revealed that beliefs in less susceptibility to transmit HIV and less motivation to use condoms were significantly associated with more unprotected anal intercourse among serodiscordant casual partners. Less motivation to use condoms also predicted more unprotected insertive and receptive anal sex and was more important than susceptibility beliefs in predicting these behaviors. Suggestions are offered of ways to better inform HIV-positive African American MSM about their misperceptions about HIV treatment and how their level of optimism about HIV treatment may diminish or encourage condom use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-101
Number of pages11
JournalAIDS Education and Prevention
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

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