HIV in insurgency forces in sub-Saharan Africa - A personal view of policies

Steven H. Miles

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The special requirements for HIV-prevention programmes by armed forces or insurgency groups in very poor countries that are in active conflict have not been well described. Customary military programme components include: education on sexually transmitted diseases, condom distribution, and HIV testing. Programmes for these armed forces must address: a command structure that may not prioritize this activity, severe resource and logistical constraints, weak health systems for treating sexually transmitted illness, beliefs in traditional medicines for symptoms of sexually transmitted illness, illiteracy that diminishes the utility of educational pamphlets, rape and sexual bartering by soldiers, battlefield transfusions, tattooing and the co-epidemic of tuberculosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-178
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of STD and AIDS
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003


  • Human immunodeficiency virus and AIDS - prevention and control
  • International organizations
  • Military medicine
  • Military personnel
  • Rape
  • Refugee
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • War


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