Historically and currently used dechloranes in the sediments of the great lakes

Ruiqiang Yang, Hua Wei, Jiehong Guo, Colin McLeod, An Li, Neil C. Sturchio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Dechlorane (mirex), Dechlorane Plus (DP), Dechlorane 602 (Dec602), Dechlorane 603 (Dec603), Dechlorane 604 (Dec604), and Chlordecone (Kepone) were analyzed in 16 sediment cores collected in 2007 from the Great Lakes of North America. Results show that Lake Ontario sediments have accumulated mirex, DP, Dec602 and Dec604 in amounts 1 to 2 orders of magnitude higher than other Great Lakes. The chemical inventory decreases log-linearly with increasing latitude (N) and longitude (W) of the sampling locations, but Lake Ontario sites are outliers in the regression against latitude. The regression analyses suggest differences among the analytes with regard to source impact and long-range transport behavior. Temporal trends of input differ among lakes. Most sites in Lake Superior are still receiving increasing fluxes of DP and Dec602, while these have been declining in Lake Ontario from the peak around 1990. The relative abundance of the two DP isomers, represented by fsyn, increases with increasing distance from the potential discharge source in Niagara Falls, NY, suggesting the anti-DP isomer is more vulnerable to degradation during long-range atmospheric transport. Kepone was not detected in the sediments of Lakes Ontario, Erie, and Michigan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5156-5163
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume45
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2011
Externally publishedYes

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