Histopathological morphometric study of cochleosaccular dysplasia in Dalmatian dogs

Andre L.L. Sampaio, Elizabeth Paine, Patricia A. Schachern, Carolyn Sutherland, Sebahattin Cureoglu, Carlos A.C.P. Olivieira, Michael M. Paparella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To analyze temporal bones of deaf Dalmatian dogs from 5 days after birth to adulthood to better understand the pathogenesis of cochleosaccular dysplasia. Methods: This is an experimental animal histopathological temporal bone study that included two groups of temporal bones. Group I consisted of 41 temporal bones from deaf Dalmatian dogs and group II of 25 temporal bones from 15 " normal" aged-matched, hearing Black Labradors. Morphometric analysis included: stria vascularis and spiral ligament area measurements, and cell counts of spiral ganglion, Scarpa's ganglion, and hair cells of saccular macula. Results: The following findings were significantly less in deaf Dalmatian group compared to hearing Labradors: (1) cellular area of the stria vascularis in all cochlear turns; (2) cellular area of spiral ligament in the inferior part of the basal turn; (3) cellular density of spiral ganglion cells within segments III and IV; (4) number of Scarpa's ganglion cells; and (5) density of saccular hair cells types I and II. A borderline negative correlation was found between average density of spiral ganglion cells of segments III and IV and age in group I. Young deaf animals showed some cochlear hair cells, however in adult dogs all hair cells were replaced by supporting cells. Conclusion: General pattern of cochleosaccular dysplasia is variable, even when only one etiology, the genetic one, is involved. The gradual degeneration of inner ear elements in the cochleosaccular degeneration might indicate that early intervention might be crucial to stop the progression of cochleosaccular dysplasia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)934-938
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume74
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2010

Keywords

  • Cochleosaccular dysplasia
  • Dalmatian dog
  • Histopathology

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