Histologic changes in the anterior mallear ligament and the head of the malleus in otosclerosis

Mehmet F. Oktay, Sebahattin Cureoglu, Patricia A. Schachern, Evin Gulbahce, Michael M. Paparella, Hideo Hayasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine ossicular and anterior mallear ligament (AML) changes in otosclerosis. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Hyalinization of AML was graded as follows: none, patchy, or diffuse in 95 temporal bones (TBs) with otosclerosis: 52 with stapedial fixation (SF); 43 without fixation (NSF); and 52 age-matched controls. Fixation of the head of the malleus was noted. RESULTS: Hyalinization with SF was 17 none, 23 patchy, and 12 diffuse; with NSF it was 16 none, 20 patchy, and 7 diffuse; and in controls, 23 none, 24 patchy, and 5 diffuse. There was no significant difference in hyalinization among groups and no correlation between degree of hyalinization and age. The malleus head was fixed in 4 TBs with SF. CONCLUSION: Based on our findings, we do not believe that there is a relationship between hyalinization of the AML and otosclerosis; however, otosclerosis with SF seems to be a predisposing factor for fixation of the head of the malleus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-235
Number of pages4
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume134
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006

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