Highly enantioselective kinetic resolution of primary alcohols of the type Ph-X-CH(CH3)-CH2OH by Pseudomonas cepacia lipase: Effect of acyl chain length and solvent

Alessandra Mezzetti, Curtis Keith, Romas J. Kazlauskas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although lipase from Pseudomonas cepacia (PCL) shows high enantioselectivity towards many secondary alcohols, it usually exhibits only low to moderate enantioselectivity towards primary alcohols. To increase this enantioselectivity, we optimised the reaction conditions for the PCL-catalysed hydrolysis of esters of three chiral primary alcohols: 2-methyl-3-phenyl-1- propanol 1, 2-phenoxy-1-propanol 2 and solketal 3. The enantioselectivity towards 1-acetate increased from E=16 to 38 upon changing the solvent from ethyl ether/phosphate buffer to 30% n-propanol in phosphate buffer and increased again to E ≥190 upon changing the substrate from 1-acetate to 1-heptanoate. The same changes increased the enantioselectivity towards alcohol 2 from E=17 to 70, but did not significantly increase the enantioselectivity towards alcohol 3. The best solvent was similar to the solvent used to crystallise the open form of PCL and likely stabilises the open form of PCL. This stabilisation may increase the enantioselectivity by removing kinetic contributions from a non-enantioselective lid-opening step. We determined the kinetic contribution of the lid-opening step by measuring the interfacial activation of PCL. The activation energy for the PCL-catalysed hydrolysis of ethyl acetate was at least 2.6 kcal/mol lower in the presence of a water-organic solvent interface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3917-3924
Number of pages8
JournalTetrahedron Asymmetry
Volume14
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 12 2003

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