High Tg aliphatic polyesters by the polymerization of spirolactide derivatives

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A series of bicyclic and tricyclic lactide derivatives was prepared using l-lactide as the starting material. Exomethylene-lactide served as a platform for the Diels-Alder addition of various dienes to afford norbornene-, cyclohexadiene-, and isoprene-lactide derivatives. Norbornene-lactide (NL) was also hydrogenated to the saturated norbornane analog. These new lactide derivatives were subjected to ring-opening polymerization using 1,5,7-triazabicyclo[4.4.0]dec-5-ene (TBD) as the catalyst. Homopolymers of poly(cyclohexadiene-lactide) (Mn = 6.4 kg mol-1), poly(isoprene-lactide) (Mn = 15.3 kg mol-1), and poly(norbornane-lactide) (Mn = 34.4 kg mol-1) exhibited glass transition temperatures (Tg's) of 119 °C, 77 °C, and 107 °C, respectively. The decomposition temperature (Td) of unsaturated PLA derivatives was ≤280 °C, whereas saturated poly(norbornane-lactide) has a Td of 300 °C. Additionally, a series of poly(norbornene-lactide-s-l-lactide) (P(NL-s-L)) copolymers with varying ratios of NL and l-lactide were prepared. The Tg's of the P(NL-s-L) samples ranged from 61 to 100 °C, and the values were well-described by the Fox equation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)870-877
Number of pages8
JournalPolymer Chemistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 1 2010


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