High-Temperature Rheology of Calcium Aluminosilicate (Anorthite) Glass-Ceramics under Uniaxial and Triaxial Loading

Balakrishnan G. Nair, Reid F. Cooper, David Bruhn, David L. Kohlstedt

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The high-temperature creep behavior of two fine-grained (∼3 μm) anorthite-rich glass-ceramics was characterized at ambient pressure and under a confining pressure of ∼300 MPa. Experiments were done at differential stresses of 15-200 MPa and temperatures of 1200°-1320°C. Of the two materials, one had a tabular (lathlike) grain structure with Finely dispersed second phase of mullite, mostly in the form of ∼3-5 μm grains comparable to that of the primary anorthite phase, whereas the other had an equiaxed grain morphology with fine (∼400 nm) mullite precipitates concentrated at the anorthite grain boundaries. The results of creep experiments at ambient pressure showed that the material with the tabular grain structure had strain rates at least an order of magnitude faster than the equiaxed material. Creep in the tabular-grained material at ambient pressure was accompanied by a significant extent of intergranular cavitation: pore-volume analysis before and after creep in this material suggested that >75% of the bulk strain was due to growth of these voids. The equiaxed material, in contrast, showed a smooth transition from Newtonian (n = 1) creep at low stresses to non-Newtonian behavior at high stresses (n > 2). Under the high confining pressure, the microstructures of both materials underwent significant changes. Grain-boundary mullite precipitates in the undeformed, equiaxed-grain material were replaced by fine (∼100 nm), intragranular precipitates of silliminate and corundum because of a pressure-induced chemical reaction. This was accompanied by a significant reduction in grain size in both materials. The substantial microstructural changes at high confining pressure resulted in substantially lower viscosities for both materials. The absence of mullite precipitates at the grain boundaries changed the behavior of the equiaxed material to non-Newtonian (n = 2) at a pressure of ∼300 MPa, possibly because of a grain-boundary sliding mechanism; the tabular-grained material showed Newtonian diffusional creep under similar conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2617-2624
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume84
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2001

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