High statistics search for ultrahigh energy γ-ray emission from Cygnus X-3 and Hercules X-1

A. Borione, M. C. Chantell, C. E. Covault, J. W. Cronin, B. E. Fick, J. W. Fowler, L. F. Fortson, K. G. Gibbs, K. D. Green, B. J. Newport, R. A. Ong, S. Oser, L. J. Rosenberg, M. A. Catanese, M. A.K. Glasmacher, J. Matthews, D. F. Nitz, D. Sinclair, J. C. van der Velde, D. B. Kieda

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41 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have carried out a high statistics [Formula presented] events) search for ultrahigh energy γ-ray emission from the x-ray binary sources Cygnus X-3 and Hercules X-1. Using data taken with the CASA-MIA detector over a five year period (1990–1995), we find no evidence for steady emission from either source. The derived 90 % C.L. upper limit to the steady integral flux of [Formula presented] rays from Cygnus X-3 is [Formula presented]TeV)[Formula presented] photons [Formula presented] sec[Formula presented], and from Hercules X-1 it is [Formula presented] photons cm[Formula presented] sec[Formula presented]. These limits are more than two orders of magnitude lower than earlier claimed detections and are better than recent experiments operating in the same energy range. We have also searched for transient emission on time periods of one day and [Formula presented] h and find no evidence for such emission from either source. The typical daily limit on the integral [Formula presented]-ray flux from Cygnus X-3 or Hercules X-1 is [Formula presented] photons cm[Formula presented] sec[Formula presented]. For Cygnus X-3, we see no evidence for emission correlated with the [Formula presented] h x-ray periodicity or with the occurrence of large radio flares. Unless one postulates that these sources were very active earlier and are now dormant, the limits presented here put into question the earlier results, and highlight the difficulties that possible future experiments will have in detecting [Formula presented]-ray signals at ultrahigh energies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1714-1731
Number of pages18
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

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