Interleukin 10 (IL-10) is a potent inhibitor of proliferative T cell responses toward alloantigens, and suppresses the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines which are important in cellular activation and recruitment to sites of inflammation. Because of these properties, we hypothesized that high IL-10 production in patients prior to BMT may predict a better outcome. To investigate this, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) were obtained from 58 recipients (11 autologous, 25 related donor (RD), and 22 unrelated donor (URD)), prior to conditioning therapy. PBMNC were cultured for 24 h in the presence and absence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and culture supernatants were assayed for IL-10 using an ELISA method. Spontaneously produced and LPS-stimulated IL-10 levels were correlated with the development of transplant-related complications (TRC) including grade II-IV acute GVHD, veno-occlusive disease, idiopathic pneumonia syndrome and multi-organ dysfunction syndrome, and with death before day 100. For the autologous group, there were no TRC and only one death prior to day 100; therefore, no statistical comparisons to IL-10 levels could be made. In the RD group, 36% developed one or more TRC and 24% died before day 100; however, there were no statistically significant associations between spontaneous or LPS-induced IL-10 levels. In URD patients 41% developed TRC and 55% died prior to day 100. In this group, higher levels of spontaneous IL-10 production were associated with a lower overall occurrence of TRC (P = 0.03) and early death (P = 0.04). Our data would indicate that higher levels of IL-10 production prior to URD BMT may predict fewer TRC, as well as early deaths. The hypothesis that high IL-10 production prior to BMT may decrease complications following URD BMT warrants further testing.
- Bone marrow transplant
- Transplant related complications