High specialization and limited structural change in plant-herbivore networks along a successional chronosequence in tropical montane forest

Conor M. Redmond, John Auga, Bradley Gewa, Simon T. Segar, Scott E. Miller, Kenneth Molem, George D Weiblen, Philip T. Butterill, Gibson Maiyah, Amelia S.C. Hood, Martin Volf, Leonardo R. Jorge, Yves Basset, Vojtech Novotný

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Secondary succession is well-understood, to the point of being predictable for plant communities, but the successional changes in plant-herbivore interactions remains poorly explored. This is particularly true for tropical forests despite the increasing importance of early successional stages in tropical landscapes. Deriving expectations from successional theory, we examine properties of plant-herbivore interaction networks while accounting for host phylogenetic structure along a succession chronosequence in montane rainforest in Papua New Guinea. We present one of the most comprehensive successional investigations of interaction networks, equating to > 40 person years of field sampling, and one of the few focused on montane tropical forests. We use a series of nine 0.2 ha forest plots across young secondary, mature secondary and primary montane forest, sampled almost completely for woody plants and larval leaf chewers (Lepidoptera) using forest felling. These networks comprised of 12 357 plant-herbivore interactions and were analysed using quantitative network metrics, a phylogenetically controlled host-use index and a qualitative network beta diversity measure. Network structural changes were low and specialisation metrics surprisingly similar throughout succession, despite high network beta diversity. Herbivore abundance was greatest in the earliest stages, and hosts here had more species-rich herbivore assemblages, presumably reflecting higher palatability due to lower defensive investment. All herbivore communities were highly specialised, using a phylogenetically narrow set of hosts, while host phylogenetic diversity itself decreased throughout the chronosequence. Relatively high phylogenetic diversity, and thus high diversity of plant defenses, in early succession forest may result in herbivores feeding on fewer hosts than expected. Successional theory, derived primarily from temperate systems, is limited in predicting tropical host-herbivore interactions. All succession stages harbour diverse and unique interaction networks, which together with largely similar network structures and consistent host use patterns, suggests general rules of assembly may apply to these systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)162-172
Number of pages11
JournalEcography
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

chronosequences
chronosequence
montane forest
montane forests
structural change
tropical forests
tropical forest
herbivore
herbivores
plant-herbivore interaction
host use
phylogenetics
phylogeny
secondary succession
palatability
plant defense
woody plant
rainforest
forest succession
plant community

Keywords

  • ecological gradients
  • food webs
  • herbivory

Cite this

High specialization and limited structural change in plant-herbivore networks along a successional chronosequence in tropical montane forest. / Redmond, Conor M.; Auga, John; Gewa, Bradley; Segar, Simon T.; Miller, Scott E.; Molem, Kenneth; Weiblen, George D; Butterill, Philip T.; Maiyah, Gibson; Hood, Amelia S.C.; Volf, Martin; Jorge, Leonardo R.; Basset, Yves; Novotný, Vojtech.

In: Ecography, Vol. 42, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 162-172.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Redmond, CM, Auga, J, Gewa, B, Segar, ST, Miller, SE, Molem, K, Weiblen, GD, Butterill, PT, Maiyah, G, Hood, ASC, Volf, M, Jorge, LR, Basset, Y & Novotný, V 2019, 'High specialization and limited structural change in plant-herbivore networks along a successional chronosequence in tropical montane forest', Ecography, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 162-172. https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.03849
Redmond, Conor M. ; Auga, John ; Gewa, Bradley ; Segar, Simon T. ; Miller, Scott E. ; Molem, Kenneth ; Weiblen, George D ; Butterill, Philip T. ; Maiyah, Gibson ; Hood, Amelia S.C. ; Volf, Martin ; Jorge, Leonardo R. ; Basset, Yves ; Novotný, Vojtech. / High specialization and limited structural change in plant-herbivore networks along a successional chronosequence in tropical montane forest. In: Ecography. 2019 ; Vol. 42, No. 1. pp. 162-172.
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