High-resolution TOA estimation with multi-band OFDM UWB signals

Huilin Xu, Chia Chin Chong, Ismail Guvenc, Fujio Watanabe, Liuqing Yang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

35 Scopus citations


In this paper, we propose a simple model-based time-of-arrival (TOA) estimation technique for multi-band orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (MB-OFDM) signals based on the ECMA-368 standard [1]. The proposed technique does not need oversampling at the receiver. The key idea is to minimize the energy leakage from the first channel path due to mis-sampling. We use realistic channel models and assume that no channel statistical information is known at the receiver. In our approach, the multi-band signals are coherently combined in order to improve the resolution of the TOA estimation. We compare the performance of the proposed scheme with the well-known maximum-likelihood based algorithm, namely, space-alternating generalized expectation-maximization (SAGE). Simulations based on the ECMA-368 standard parameters in both IEEE 802.15.3a and IEEE 802.15.4a standard channel models show that our approach outperforms the SAGE algorithm by avoiding the local maxima. Furthermore, we have also shown that our approach can achieve a root mean square error of TOA estimation much smaller than the receiver sampling interval and it is robust to the narrowband interference.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationICC 2008 - IEEE International Conference on Communications, Proceedings
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
EventIEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2008 - Beijing, China
Duration: May 19 2008May 23 2008

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications
ISSN (Print)0536-1486


ConferenceIEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2008


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