High-resolution EEG: Cortical potential imaging of interictal spikes

X. Zhang, W. Van Drongelen, K. E. Hecox, V. L. Towle, D. M. Frim, A. B. McGee, B. He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: It is of clinical importance to localize pathologic brain tissue in epilepsy. Noninvasive localization of cortical areas associated with interictal epileptiform spikes may provide important information to facilitate presurgical planning for intractable epilepsy patients. Methods: A cortical potential imaging (CPI) technique was used to deconvolve the smeared scalp potentials into the cortical potentials. A 3-spheres inhomogeneous head model was used to approximately represent the head volume conductor. Five pediatric epilepsy patients were studied. The estimated cortical potential distributions of interictal spikes were compared with the subsequent surgical resections of these same patients. Results: The areas of negativity in the reconstructed cortical potentials of interictal spikes in 5 patients were consistent with the areas of surgical resections for these patients. Conclusions: The CPI technique may become a useful alternative for noninvasive mapping of cortical regions displaying epileptiform activity from scalp electroencephalogram recordings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1963-1973
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume114
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2003

Keywords

  • Cortical imaging
  • Epilepsy
  • High-resolution EEG
  • Inverse problem
  • Presurgical planning
  • Source localization

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