High-quality results of cytoreductive surgery and heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy perfusion for carcinomatosis at a low volume institution

Swaroop R. Bommareddi, Vlad V. Simianu, Lisa V. Mann, Gary N. Mann

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Objectives Maximal cytoreductive surgery (CS) with heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy perfusion (HIPEC) for peritoneal carcinomatosis can improve oncologic outcomes, but is associated with significant morbidity. Whether low-volume experience with CS/HIPEC results in acceptable outcomes is unknown. Methods A retrospective review of all patients undergoing CS/HIPEC by a single surgeon. Experience was divided into first versus second 50 cases, and patient characteristics, operative details, and outcomes were compared. Results Ninety patients underwent 100 CS/HIPEC procedures (mean age 57 years, 68% female). Compared to the initial experience, the second 50 cases included more high grade tumors (68 vs. 52%) and greater disease burden (PCI 14.2 vs. 12.4). Operative times remained unchanged and mean blood loss decreased (978 vs. 684ml). Hospital stay (mean 18.1 vs. 12.6 days), major complications (24 vs. 16%), and perioperative mortality (8 vs. 2%) declined. Overall median survival was 18 months and was longer with low grade tumors (26 vs. 16 months, P=0.03). Conclusions Patients experienced reduced EBL, fewer major complications, and shorter hospital stay, despite having higher disease burden and higher grade tumors. This suggests that even low-volume experience with CS/HIPEC can lead to a trend in reduction of adverse perioperative events with acceptable oncologic outcomes. J. Surg. Oncol. 2015 111:219-224.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-224
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Oncology
Volume112
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Keywords

  • HIPEC
  • chemotherapy
  • cytoreductive surgery
  • peritoneal carcinomatosis
  • peritoneal surface disease

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