High Prevalence of Food Insecurity and Related Disparities Among US College and University Students From 2015–2019

Julia A. Wolfson, Noura Insolera, Melissa N. Laska, Cindy W. Leung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: We examined food insecurity prevalence among college students included as part of a large, ongoing, nationally representative survey and examined trends and associations with sociodemographic measures. Methods: Data come from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, a nationally representative longitudinal household panel survey, and include 2,538 college students from 2015–2019. Food security status was assessed using the US Department of Agriculture's 18-item Household Food Security Survey Module. Results: From 2015 to 2019, 11% of college students experienced marginal food security, and 15% experienced food insecurity. Food insecurity was 12% in 2015 and 14% in 2017 and 2019. More Black and Hispanic students experienced food insecurity than White students (21% and 26%, vs 9%, respectively; P <0.001), as did first-generation than non-first-generation students (18% vs 10%; P = 0.01). Conclusions and Implications: College food insecurity is an urgent public health issue demanding greater response from colleges and universities and state and federal governments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-34
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors

Keywords

  • PSID
  • college students
  • food insecurity
  • health equity

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

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