High performance high-power textured Mn/Cu-doped PIN-PMN-PT ceramics

Haoyang Leng, Yongke Yan, Bo Wang, Tiannan Yang, Hairui Liu, Xiaotian Li, Rammohan Sriramdas, Ke Wang, Mark Fanton, Richard J. Meyer, Long Qing Chen, Shashank Priya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Piezoelectric ceramics with combinatory soft and hard characteristics are highly desired for high-power applications. However, it remains grand challenge to achieve simultaneous presence of hard (e.g. high coercive field, Ec; high mechanical quality factor, Qm) and soft (e.g. high piezoelectric constant, d; high electromechanical coupling factor, k) piezoelectric properties in piezoelectric ceramics since the mechanism controlling the hard behavior (pinned domain walls) will significantly reduce the soft behavior. Here, we address this grand challenge and demonstrate <001> textured MnO2 and CuO co-doped Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)O3- Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 (PIN-PMN-PT) ceramics exhibiting ultrahigh combined soft and hard piezoelectric properties (d33 = 713 pC N−1, k31 = 0.52, Qm≈950, Ec = 9.6 kV cm−1, tan δ = 0.45%). The outstanding electromechanical properties are explained by considering composition/phase selection, crystallographic anisotropy and defect engineering. Phase-field model in conjunction with high resolution electron microscopy and diffraction techniques is utilized to delineate the contributions arising from intrinsic piezoelectric response, domain dynamics, and local structural heterogeneity. These results will have significant impact in the development of high-power transducers and actuators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number118015
JournalActa Materialia
Volume234
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
H.L. and Y.Y. acknowledge the financial support from DARPA through award number HR00111920001 . H. Liu acknowledges the financial support from National Science Foundation through CREST CREAM program at Norfolk State University. T.Y. and L.-Q.C. are supported as part of the Computational Materials Sciences Program funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, under Award No. DE-SC0020145. B.W. acknowledges support by the National Science Foundation (NSF) through Grant No. DMR-1744213. X.L. acknowledges the financial support from Army Research Office through TE3 program ( W911NF1620010 ). S.P. acknowledges the financial support from National Science Foundation through the award number 1936432 . The computer simulations were performed using the commercial software package μ-PRO (http://mupro.co/contact/) on the ICS-ACI Computing Systems at Pennsylvania State University and at the Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment cluster, which used the Comet system at the UC San Diego. We thank Haiying Wang for TEM sample preparation by using FIB. All microscopy work was performed at Penn State Materials Characterization Laboratory. The authors thank Dr. Harold Robinson, ONR Transduction Materials Project Manager, for constructive discussions of the results that has helped us in improving the quality of presentation.

Funding Information:
H.L. and Y.Y. acknowledge the financial support from DARPA through award number HR00111920001. H. Liu acknowledges the financial support from National Science Foundation through CREST CREAM program at Norfolk State University. T.Y. and L.-Q.C. are supported as part of the Computational Materials Sciences Program funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, under Award No. DE-SC0020145. B.W. acknowledges support by the National Science Foundation (NSF) through Grant No. DMR-1744213. X.L. acknowledges the financial support from Army Research Office through TE3 program (W911NF1620010). S.P. acknowledges the financial support from National Science Foundation through the award number 1936432. The computer simulations were performed using the commercial software package μ-PRO (http://mupro.co/contact/) on the ICS-ACI Computing Systems at Pennsylvania State University and at the Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment cluster, which used the Comet system at the UC San Diego. We thank Haiying Wang for TEM sample preparation by using FIB. All microscopy work was performed at Penn State Materials Characterization Laboratory. The authors thank Dr. Harold Robinson, ONR Transduction Materials Project Manager, for constructive discussions of the results that has helped us in improving the quality of presentation.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Acta Materialia Inc.

Keywords

  • Acceptor
  • Crystallography
  • High power
  • Piezoelectric
  • Texturing

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