High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) enhances inflammatory reactions by potentiating the activity of pro-inflammatory mediators and suppressing the phagocytosis of apoptotic neutrophils. However, the effects of HMGB1 on phagocytosis induced by pro-resolving mediators, such as resolvins, have not been studied up until this point. In this study, we investigated the effects and underlying mechanism of HMGB1 on resolvin D1-induced phagocytosis of MDA-MB-231 cells, which were selected as a model system based on their phagocytic capability and ease of transfecting them with a plasmid or siRNA in several cancer cell lines. Then we confirmed effects of HMGB1 in THP-1 cells.Resolvin D1 (RvD1) enhanced phagocytosis in MDA-MB-231 and THP-1 cells. HMGB1 suppressed RvD1-induced phagocytosis in MDA-MB.231 and THP-1 cells. HMGB1 dose-dependently induced the expression of 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH), the inactivating enzyme in pro-resolving lipid mediators such as RvE1 and RvD1. Involvement of 15-PGDH in-HMGB-1-induced suppression of phagocytosis was examined using siRNA of 15-PGDH or 15-PGDH inhibitor, TD23. Surprisingly, the silencing of 15-PGDH increased phagocytotic activity of MDA-MB-231 cells. TD23 also enhanced phagocytosis of MDA-MB-231 and THP-1 cells.In conclusion, the release of HMGB1 during the inflammatory phase induces 15-PGDH expression, which suppresses the phagocytotic activity of macrophages. These processes might be involved in the mechanism that blocks the resolution of inflammation, thereby allowing acute inflammation to progress to chronic inflammation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2015|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by grants from the National Research Foundation grant (No. 2011-0022074 ), the Korea Healthcare Technology R&D project (No. A101836 ), and the Basic Science Research Program, through the NRF ( NRF-2014R1A2A1A01004016 ).
- Resolution of inflammation
- Resolvin D1