High-field magnetic resonance imaging scanners with a static magnetic field of 3 Tesla or higher are becoming ubiquitous in clinical and basic neurosciences. Given the high cost and complexity of operation, it is important to ask whether or not and how the use of high-field magnets can be beneficial for the neurosciences. What new questions can be addressed? Which new insights can we expect from these new tools? In addition, what are the limitations of these new techniques? This review discusses the three most important applications of the high-field magnetic resonance techniques for the neuroscience community: first, functional magnetic resonance imaging, second, in vivo spectroscopy, and third, in vivo fiber tracking on the basis of diffusion tensor imaging.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was funded by the National Institutes of Health (RR08079), The Keck Foundation, The Mind Institute, The Whitaker Foundation and the Human Frontier Science Program. We would like to thank E Yacoub and M Kim for their assistance in preparing the manuscript.