High-energy neutrino astronomy using upward-going MUONS in super-kamiokande I

K. Abe, J. Hosaka, T. Iida, K. Ishihara, J. Kameda, Y. Koshio, A. Minamino, C. Mitsuda, M. Miura, S. Moriyama, M. Nakahata, Y. Obayashi, H. Ogawa, M. Shiozawa, Y. Suzuki, A. Takeda, Y. Takeuchi, I. Higuchi, C. Ishihara, M. IshitsukaT. Kajita, K. Kaneyuki, G. Mitsuka, S. Nakayama, H. Nishino, A. Okada, K. Okumura, C. Saji, Y. Takenaga, S. Clark, S. Desai, F. Dufour, E. Kearns, S. Likhoded, M. Litos, J. L. Raaf, J. L. Stone, L. R. Sulak, W. Wang, M. Goldhaber, D. Casper, J. P. Cravens, J. Dunmore, W. R. Kropp, D. W. Liu, S. Mine, C. Regis, M. B. Smy, H. W. Sobel, M. R. Vagins, K. S. Ganezer, J. Hill, W. E. Keig, J. S. Jang, J. Y. Kim, I. T. Lim, K. Scholberg, N. Tanimoto, C. W. Walter, R. Wendell, R. W. Ellsworth, S. Tasaka, G. Guillian, J. G. Learned, S. Matsuno, M. D. Messier, Y. Hayato, A. K. Ichikawa, T. Ishida, T. Ishii, T. Iwashita, T. Kobayashi, T. Nakadaira, K. Nakamura, K. Nitta, Y. Oyama, Y. Totsuka, A. T. Suzuki, M. Hasegawa, K. Hiraide, I. Kato, H. Maesaka, T. Nakaya, K. Nishikawa, T. Sasaki, H. Sato, S. Yamamoto, M. Yokoyama, T. J. Haines, S. Dazeley, S. Hatakeyama, R. Svoboda, G. W. Sullivan, D. Turcan, M. Swanson, A. Clough, A. Habig, Y. Fukuda, T. Sato, Y. Itow, T. Koike, C. K. Jung, T. Kato, K. Kobayashi, M. Malek, C. McGrew, A. Sarrat, R. Terri, C. Yanagisawa, N. Tamura, M. Sakuda, M. Sugihara, Y. Kuno, M. Yoshida, S. B. Kim, B. S. Yang, J. Yoo, T. Ishizuka, H. Okazawa, Y. Choi, H. K. Seo, Y. Gando, T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, H. Ishii, K. Nishijima, H. Ishino, Y. Watanabe, M. Koshiba, D. Kielczewska, J. Zalipska, H. Berns, R. Gran, K. K. Shiraishi, A. Stachyra, E. Thrane, K. Washburn, R. J. Wilkes

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29 Scopus citations


We present the results from several studies used to search for astrophysical sources of high-energy neutrinos using the Super-Kamiokande I (1996 April-2001 July) neutrino-induced upward-going muon data. The data set consists of 2359 events with minimum energy 1.6 GeV, of which 1892 are through-going and 467 stop within the detector. The results of several independent analyses are presented, including searches for point sources using directional and temporal information and a search for signatures of cosmic-ray interactions with the interstellar medium in the upward-going muons. No statistically significant evidence for point sources or any diffuse flux from the plane of the Galaxy was found, so specific limits on fluxes from likely point sources are calculated. The 90% confidence level (CL) upper limits on upward-going muon flux from astronomical sources that are located in the southern hemisphere and always under the horizon for Super-Kamiokande are ∼(1-4) × 10-15 cm-2 s-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-205
Number of pages8
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1 I
StatePublished - Nov 20 2006


  • Cosmic rays
  • Elementary particles
  • Neutrinos


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