HFSA Expert Consensus Statement on the Medical Management of Patients on Durable Mechanical Circulatory Support

Barry Trachtenberg, JENNIFER COWGER, DOUGLAS L. JENNINGS, GILLIAN GRAFTON, RENZO LOYAGA-RENDON, REBECCA COGSWELL, LIVIU KLEIN, PALAK SHAH, MICHAEL KIERNAN, ESTHER VOROVICH

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The medical management of patients supported with durable continuous flow left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support encompasses pharmacological therapies administered in the preoperative, intraoperative, postoperative, and chronic LVAD support stages. As patients live longer on LVAD support, the risks of LVAD-related complications and progression of cardiovascular and other diseases increase. Using existing data from cohort studies, registries, randomized trials, and expert opinion, this Heart Failure Society of America Consensus Document on the Medical Management of Patients on Durable Mechanical Circulatory Support offers best practices on the management of patients on durable mechanical circulatory support, focusing on pharmacological therapies administered to patients on continuous flow LVADs. Although quality data in the LVAD population are few, the use of guideline-directed heart failure medical therapies and the importance of blood pressure management, right ventricular preload and afterload optimization, and antiplatelet and anticoagulation regimens are discussed. Recommended pharmacological regimens used to mitigate or treat common complications encountered during LVAD support, including arrhythmias, vasoplegia, mucocutaneous bleeding, and infectious complications, are addressed. Finally, this document touches on important potential pharmacological interactions from antidepressants and herbal and nutritional supplements of relevance to providers of patients on LVAD support.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)475-498
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of cardiac failure
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • Mechanical circulatory support
  • driveline infection
  • left ventricular assist device
  • pulmonary hypertension
  • right ventricular failure
  • vasoplegia

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Review
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

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