Heterogeneity and microtubule interaction of the CHO1 antigen, a mitosis-specific kinesin-like protein: Analysis of subdomains expressed in insect sf9 cells

R. Kuriyama, S. Dragas-Granoic, T. Maekawa, A. Vassilev, A. Khodjakov, H. Kobayashi

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56 Scopus citations

Abstract

The CHO1 antigen is a mitosis-specific kinesin-like motor located at the interzonal region of the spindle. The human cDNA coding for the antigen contains a domain with sequence similarity to the motor domain of kinesin-like protein. Here we cloned cDNAs encoding the CHO1 antigen by immunoscreening of a CHO Uni-Zap expression library, the same species in which the original monoclonal antibody was raised. cDNAs of CHO cells encode a 953 amino acid polypeptide with a calculated molecular mass of 109 kDa. The N-terminal 73% of the antigen was 87% identical to the human clone, whereas the remaining 27% of the coding region showed only 48% homology. Insect Sf9 cells infected with baculovirus containing the full-length insert produced 105 and 95 kDa polypeptides, the same doublet identified as the original antigen in CHO cells. Truncated polypeptides corresponding to the N-terminal motor and C-terminal tail produced a 56 and 54 kDa polypeptide in Sf9 cells, respectively. Full and N-terminal proteins co-sedimented with, and caused bundling of, brain microtubules in vitro, whereas the C-terminal polypeptide did not. Cells expressing the N terminus formed one or more cytoplasmic processes. Immunofluorescence as well as electron microscopic observations revealed the presence of thick bundles of microtubules, which were closely packed, forming a marginal ring just beneath the cell membrane and a core in the processes. The diffusion coefficient and sedimentation coefficient were determined for the native CHO1 antigen by gel filtration and sucrose density gradient centrifugation, respectively. The native molecular mass of overinduced protein in Sf9 cells was calculated as 219 kDa, suggesting that the antigen exists as a dimer. Intrinsic CHO1 antigen in cultured mammalian cells forms a larger native complex (native molecular mass, 362 kDa), which may suggest the presence of additional molecule(s) associating with the CHO1 motor molecule.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3485-3499
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of cell science
Volume107
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1994

Keywords

  • Baculovirus
  • Kinesin-like protein
  • Mitosis
  • Mitotic motor
  • Spindle

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