Hepatitis B awareness and vaccination patterns among healthcare workers in Africa

Shemal M. Shah, Holly Rodin, Hope Pogemiller, Oluwadayo Magbagbeola, Kenneth Ssebambulidde, Anteneh Zewde, Matthew Goers, Benjamin Katz, Itegbemie Obaitan, Ehab Fawzy Abdo, Sahar Mohamed Hassany, Mohamed Elbadry, Abdelmajeed Mahmoud Moussa, Jasintha Mtengezo, Mark Dedzoe, Benjamin Henkle, Martha Binta Bah, Matthew Sabongi, Johnstone Kayandabila, Robert FellIfeorah Ijeoma, Lucy Ochola, Mirghani Yousif, Jose D. Debes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination patterns and the understanding of its risks among healthcare workers (HCWs) is a critical step to decrease transmission. However, the depth of this understanding is understudied. We distributed surveys to HCWs in 12 countries in Africa. Surveys had nine multiple-choice questions that assessed HCWs' awareness and understanding of HBV. Participants included consultants, medical trainees, nurses, students, laboratory personnel, and other hospital workers. Surveys were completed anonymously. Fisher's exact test was used for analysis, with a P-value of < 0.05 considered significant; 1,044 surveys were collected from Kenya, Egypt, Sudan, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Uganda, Malawi, Madagascar, Nigeria, Cameroon, Ghana, and Sierra Leone. Hepatitis B virus serostatus awareness, vaccination rate, and vaccination ofHCWs' children were 65%, 61%, and 48%, respectively. Medical trainees had higher serostatus awareness, vaccination rate, and vaccination of their children than HCWs in other occupations (79% versus 62%, P < 0.001; 74% versus 58%, P < 0.001; and 62% versus 45%, P = 0.006, respectively). Cost was cited as the most frequent reason for non-vaccination. West African countries were more aware of their serostatus but less often vaccinated than East African countries (79% versus 59%, P < 0.0001 and 52% versus 60%, P = 0.03, respectively). West African countries cited cost as the reason for non-vaccination more than East African countries (59% versus 40%, P = 0.0003). Our study shows low HBV serostatus awareness and vaccination rate among HCWs in Africa, and reveals gaps in the perception and understanding ofHBVprevention that should be addressed to protectHCWsand improve their capacity to control HBV infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2460-2468
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume103
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Financial support: This work was supported by the Mitialto Foundation, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the AMFDP, and the NIH-NCI R21 CA215883-01A1 all to J. D. D.

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2020 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

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