Hemoglobin of 12 g/dl and above is not associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity in children on hemodialysis

Michelle N. Rheault, Julia T. Molony, Thomas Nevins, Charles A. Herzog, Blanche M. Chavers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


In adults on chronic hemodialysis, achieving a hemoglobin concentration of 12g/dl and above with erythropoiesis stimulating agents leads to increased cardiovascular events and mortality, but this may not be true in children. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of pediatric patients (under 18) from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Clinical Performance Measures (CPM) project (2000 to 2008) merged with the United States Renal Data System. Hemoglobin was determined from the Clinical Performance Measures data, and beginning annually on January 1st of the next year, patients were followed for up to 1 year. We determined the outcomes (mortality, hospitalization, and cardiovascular events) during follow-up by hemoglobin group at baseline. Models were adjusted for demographic and clinical characteristics of 1569 children studied. The hemoglobin 12 g/dl and above group was older, had fewer years of ESRD, and was more often transplanted. Inpatient and outpatient visits for congestive heart failure, cardiomyopathy, and valvular heart disease were most common in the hemoglobin under 10g/dl group and the frequency of these diagnoses decreased with increasing hemoglobin. The hazard ratio of all-cause mortality (0.33, 95% confidence interval 0.14–0.81) and the adjusted relative rate of all-cause hospitalizations (0.81, 0.74-0.89) were significantly lower in the hemoglobin 12 g/dl and above group. Cardiovascular hospitalizations were significantly higher in the hemoglobin under 10g/dl group (1.31, 1.05–1.64). Thus, in children on hemodialysis, hemoglobin 12g/dl and above is not associated with increased cardiovascular visits, mortality, or all-cause and cardiovascular-related hospitalizations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-182
Number of pages6
JournalKidney international
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017


  • anemia
  • cardiovascular disease
  • chronic kidney disease
  • pediatric nephrology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Hemoglobin of 12 g/dl and above is not associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity in children on hemodialysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this