Hematopoietic cell transplantation comorbidity index predicts transplantation outcomes in pediatric patients

Angela R. Smith, Navneet S. Majhail, Margaret L. MacMillan, Todd E. DeFor, Sonata Jodele, Leslie E. Lehmann, Robert Krance, Stella M. Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Quantifying the risk of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT)-related mortality for pediatric patients is challenging. The HCT-specific comorbidity index (HCT-CI) has been confirmed as a useful tool in adults, but has not yet been validated in children. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 252 pediatric patients undergoing their first allogeneic HCT between January 2008 and May 2009. Pretransplantation comorbidities were scored prospectively using the HCT-CI. Median age at transplantation was 6 years (range, 0.1-20) and median follow-up was 343 days (range, 110-624). HCT-CI scores were distributed as follows: 0, n = 139; 1-2, n = 52; and 3+, n = 61. The 1-year cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality (NRM) increased (10%, 14%, and 28%, respectively; P < .01) and overall survival (OS) decreased (88%, 67%, and 62%, respectively; P < .01) with increasing HCT-CI score. Multivariate analysis showed that compared with score 0, those with scores of 1-2 and 3+ had relative risks of NRM of 1.5 (95% confidence interval, 0.5-4.3, P = .48) and 4.5 (95% confidence interval, 1.7-12.1, P < .01), respectively. These results indicate that the HCT-CI score predicts NRM and OS in pediatric patients undergoing HCT and is a useful tool to assess risk, guide counseling in the pretransplantation setting, and devise innovative therapies for the highest risk groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2728-2734
Number of pages7
JournalBlood
Volume117
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 3 2011

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