Heavy smokers', light smokers', and nonsmokers' beliefs about cigarette smoking

Barbara Loken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Examined cognitive variables relating to both the health- and non-health-related consequences of smoking among 178 heavy, light, and nonsmoking college women. Using I. Ajzen and M. Fishbein's (1980) theory of reasoned action, salient behavioral beliefs about the positive and negative outcomes of smoking, evaluations of these outcomes, salient normative beliefs about the prescriptions of important referents, and motivations to comply with these referents were contrasted among the 3 groups. Heavy, light, and nonsmokers differed significantly in their belief structures, particularly with regard to the non-health-related factors presumed to affect smoking decisions. Heavy and nonsmokers showed the most substantial differences with regard to most of the components examined, and light smokers did not consistently represent a middle ground. Light smokers concurred with heavy smokers as to the negative, but not the positive, consequences of smoking, and tended to feel less antismoking pressure from certain referents than either heavy or nonsmokers. (10 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)616-622
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1982


  • beliefs about health & non-health-related consequences of smoking, heavy vs light vs nonsmoking college females


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