Heat stress interferes with chromosome segregation and cytokinesis during male meiosis in Arabidopsis thaliana

Xiaoning Lei, Yingjie Ning, Ibrahim Eid Elesawi, Ke Yang, Chunli Chen, Chong Wang, Bing Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

In higher plants, male meiosis is a key process of microsporogenesis and is crucial for plant fertility. Male meiosis programs are prone to be influenced by altered temperature conditions. Studies have reported that an increased temperature (28°C) within a fertile threshold can affect the frequency of meiotic recombination in Arabidopsis. However, not much has been known how male meiosis responses to an extremely high temperature beyond the fertile threshold. To understand the impact of extremely high temperature on male meiosis in Arabidopsis, we treated flowering Arabidopsis plants with 36-38°C and found that the high-temperature condition significantly reduced pollen shed and plant fertility, and led to formation of pollen grains with varied sizes. The heat stress-induced unbalanced tetrads, polyad and meiotic restitution, suggesting that male meiosis was interfered. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay confirmed that both homologous chromosome separation and sister chromatids cohesion were influenced. Aniline blue staining of tetrad-stage pollen mother cells (PMCs) revealed that meiotic cytokinesis was severely disrupted by the heat stress. Supportively, immunolocalization of ɑ-tubulin showed that the construction of spindle and phragmoplast at both meiosis I and II were interfered. Overall, our findings demonstrate that an extremely high-temperature stress over the fertile threshold affects both chromosome segregation and cytokinesis during male meiosis by disturbing microtubular cytoskeleton in Arabidopsis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1746985
JournalPlant Signaling and Behavior
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 3 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The work is supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, South-Central University for Nationalities [CZY20001] (to B.L.); and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, South-Central University for Nationalities [304/YZZ18007] (to B.L.).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, © 2020 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Keywords

  • Chromosome segregation
  • Heat stress
  • Male meiosis
  • Meiotic cytokinesis
  • Microtubule

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