Heat maps: A technique for classifying and analyzing drinking behavior

Amy R. Krentzman, Elizabeth A.R. Robinson, Jennifer M. Jester, Brian E. Perron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Heat maps are presented here as an innovative technique for evaluating longitudinal drinking outcomes. The Life Transitions Study followed alcohol dependent individuals for 2.5 years during 2004-2009 in a Midwestern city (N = 364). The TimeLine Follow-Back obtained drinking information. Heat map results were compared with those obtained using growth mixture modeling. Heat map classes differed significantly on baseline clinical and demographic indicators. Data were gathered with support from NIAAA R01AA014442.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)687-695
Number of pages9
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 15 2011

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Dr. Elizabeth A. R. Robinson is a Research Assistant Professor, funded by the NIAAA, Metanexus Institute and Fetzer Institute. Her recent work has focused on recovery from alcoholism and the role of spiritual and religious change. She is also interested in the potential usefulness of mindfulness-based strategies as an adjunct to treatment and/or AA involvement. Dr. Robinson’s Ph.D. is in psychology and social work from the University of Michigan, as is her MSW and MPH.


  • alcoholism
  • data visualization
  • drinking outcomes
  • drinking patterns
  • heat maps
  • longitudinal drinking data
  • longitudinal research


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