A state-of-the-art calorimetric system has been established. The system enables us to measure simultaneously heat capacity and optical reflectivity of free-standing liquid-crystal films from many hundreds down to only two molecular layers in thickness. Our experimental results on the smectic-A-hexatic-B and smectic-C-smectic-I transitions cannot be described solely in terms of the creation of bond-orientational order, indicating that additional molecular order must be present in the hexatic phases of liquid crystals.
- heat capacity
- liquid crystal
- smectic-A-hexatic-B transition
- two-dimensional melting