Heart Transplantation for Peripartum Cardiomyopathy: Outcomes Over 3 Decades

Jennie H. Kwon, Ryan J. Tedford, Bhavadharini Ramu, Lucas J. Witer, Nicolas H. Pope, Brian A. Houston, Zubair A. Hashmi, Marc R. Katz, Arman Kilic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background: This study evaluated trends and outcomes of patients undergoing heart transplantation for peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) over the past 3 decades. Methods: The United Network for Organ Sharing registry was used to identify patients undergoing isolated heart transplantation between 1987 and 2020. Patients were stratified by the decade of transplantation. Overall survival was compared using Kaplan-Meier analysis, and risk-adjustment was performed using Cox proportional hazards modeling. Results: A total of 76 009 heart transplantations occurred in the study period, including 20 352 female patients and 809 female patients with PPCM. The frequency of transplantation for PPCM increased over the study period (P = .015). Among female patients, PPCM was significantly associated with 1-year mortality compared with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (hazard ratio, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.11-1.69; P = .004). Among patients with PPCM, Black and Hispanic heart transplant recipients had increased 1-year posttransplant mortality risk compared with White recipients. On Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, early and midterm survival was significantly worse in patients with PPCM compared with other female patients. The 5-, 10-, and 15-year survivals in patients with PPCM were 66.5%, 49.0%, and 40.2% compared with 74.3%, 56.0%, and 37.5% in female heart transplant recipients with other heart failure diagnoses, respectively (P < .001). Survival improved significantly in patients who underwent heart transplantation for PPCM in the latest decade from 2010 to 2020 compared with earlier decades (P < .001), and this improvement was most marked for Black recipients. Conclusions: Patients who underwent heart transplantation for PPCM have a significantly elevated risk for 1-year mortality compared with other female transplant recipients. However, survival among these patients has improved in the last decade, particularly for Black transplant recipients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)650-658
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2022
Externally publishedYes

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© 2022 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons


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