Health utilities in patients with HIV/AIDS in Thailand

Phantipa Sakthong, Jon C. Schommer, Cynthia R. Gross, Wisit Prasithsirikul, Rungpetch Sakulbumrungsil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Objectives: We measured health utility (HU) in Thai HIV/AIDS patients using visual analog scale (VAS), EuroQOL (EQ-5D), and standard gamble (SG), determine the relationships between these HU measures and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measures of HIV and patient characteristics, and assess the feasibility of the HU methods. Methods: A sample of 120 HIV/AIDS patients was identified at Bamrasnaradura Infectious Disease Institute, Thailand, during September to December, 2004. Face-to-face interviews included VAS, SG, and EQ-5D, HRQOL assessment using the Thai abbreviated version of the World Health Organization quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF THAI) and HIV-related symptom instruments, questions about ease of understanding HU approaches and sociodemographic items. Data were analyzed with repeated-measures ANOVA, followed by Dunn-Bonferroni t-test, intraclass coefficients (ICC), Spearman's rank correlation, and multiple linear regressions. Results: The mean (95% confidence interval) HUs were as follows: VAS, 0.79 (0.76-0.82); EQ-5D, 0.80 (0.77-0.84); and SG, 0.65 (0.60-0.70). A significant difference in HU by method was found (P < 0.001). Agreement by ICC was 0.71 for VAS versus EQ-5D, 0.41 for VAS versus SG, and 0.38 for EQ-5D and SG. The regression models showed that WHOQOL-BREF THAI, frequency of HIV symptoms, and patient characteristics could explain approximately 50% of the variation in the VAS and the EQ-5D and 20% in the SG2. Among these three HU methods, the SG was the most difficult task. Conclusion: VAS, EQ-5D and SG yielded different HUs for this sample. VAS and EQ-5D showed stronger construct validity with other health measures than SG. From a feasibility perspective, the SG was the least satisfactory of the three approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-384
Number of pages8
JournalValue in Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2009


  • EQ-5D
  • Health utility
  • Standard gamble
  • Visual analog scale


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