Introduction: Preparticipation examinations (PPEs), or sports physicals, present opportunities for health care providers to identify and discuss common adolescent health-risk behaviors. We sought to examine the prevalence of health-risk behaviors among high school athletes and the proportion of providers who address these behaviors during PPEs. Method: For this descriptive study we used data from two statewide surveys: a survey of adolescents (n = 46,492) and a survey of nurse practitioners and physicians (n = 561). Results: The most prevalent risk behaviors reported by student athletes were low levels of physical activity (70%), bullying perpetration (41%), and alcohol use (41%). Most providers (≥75%) addressed many common risk behaviors during PPEs but fewer addressed bullying, violence, and prescription drug use. Topics discussed differed by provider type and patient population. Discussion: Many providers addressed critical threats to adolescent health during PPEs, but findings suggest potential disconnects between topics addressed during PPEs and behaviors of athletes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Pediatric Health Care|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2015|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was funded through a Young Investigator Award from the Academic Pediatric Association, supported by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau in partnership with the American Academy of Pediatrics (U04MC07853-03) and supported by Health Resources and Services Administration grant T32HP22239 .
© 2015 National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners.
- Health education
- Preventive services
- Risk behavior
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
- Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.