Health outcomes and green renovation of affordable housing

Jill Breysse, David E. Jacobs, William G Weber, Sherry Dixon, Carol Kawecki, Susan Aceti, Jorge Lopez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. This study sought to determine whether renovating low-income housing using "green" and healthy principles improved resident health and building performance. Methods. We investigated resident health and building performance outcomes at baseline and one year after the rehabilitation of low-income housing using Enterprise Green Communities green specifications, which improve ventilation; reduce moisture, mold, pests, and radon; and use sustainable building products and other healthy housing features. We assessed participant health via questionnaire, provided Healthy Homes training to all participants, and measured ventilation, carbon dioxide, and radon. Results. Adults reported statistically significant improvements in overall health, asthma, and non-asthma respiratory problems. Adults also reported that their children's overall health improved, with significant improvements in non-asthma respiratory problems. Post-renovation building performance testing indicated that the building envelope was tightened and local exhaust fans performed well. New mechanical ventilation was installed (compared with no ventilation previously), with fresh air being supplied at 70% of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers standard. Radon was,2 picocuries per liter of air following mitigation, and the annual average indoor carbon dioxide level was 982 parts per million. Energy use was reduced by 45% over the one-year post-renovation period. Conclusions. We found significant health improvements following low-income housing renovation that complied with green standards. All green building standards should include health requirements. Collaboration of housing, public health, and environmental health professionals through integrated design holds promise for improved health, quality of life, building operation, and energy conservation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)64-75
Number of pages12
JournalPublic health reports
Volume126
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
StatePublished - Jun 6 2011

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Health
Radon
Ventilation
Carbon Dioxide
Air
Air Conditioning
Environmental Health
Artificial Respiration
Heating
Fungi
Rehabilitation
Asthma
Public Health
Quality of Life

Cite this

Breysse, J., Jacobs, D. E., Weber, W. G., Dixon, S., Kawecki, C., Aceti, S., & Lopez, J. (2011). Health outcomes and green renovation of affordable housing. Public health reports, 126(SUPPL. 1), 64-75.

Health outcomes and green renovation of affordable housing. / Breysse, Jill; Jacobs, David E.; Weber, William G; Dixon, Sherry; Kawecki, Carol; Aceti, Susan; Lopez, Jorge.

In: Public health reports, Vol. 126, No. SUPPL. 1, 06.06.2011, p. 64-75.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Breysse, J, Jacobs, DE, Weber, WG, Dixon, S, Kawecki, C, Aceti, S & Lopez, J 2011, 'Health outcomes and green renovation of affordable housing', Public health reports, vol. 126, no. SUPPL. 1, pp. 64-75.
Breysse J, Jacobs DE, Weber WG, Dixon S, Kawecki C, Aceti S et al. Health outcomes and green renovation of affordable housing. Public health reports. 2011 Jun 6;126(SUPPL. 1):64-75.
Breysse, Jill ; Jacobs, David E. ; Weber, William G ; Dixon, Sherry ; Kawecki, Carol ; Aceti, Susan ; Lopez, Jorge. / Health outcomes and green renovation of affordable housing. In: Public health reports. 2011 ; Vol. 126, No. SUPPL. 1. pp. 64-75.
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