Health benefits of fruits and vegetables

Joanne L Slavin, Beate Lloyd

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

395 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fruits and vegetables are universally promoted as healthy. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010 recommend you make one-half of your plate fruits and vegetables. Myplate.gov also supports that one-half the plate should be fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables include a diverse group of plant foods that vary greatly in content of energy and nutrients. Additionally, fruits and vegetables supply dietary fiber, and fiber intake is linked to lower incidence of cardiovascular disease and obesity. Fruits and vegetables also supply vitamins and minerals to the diet and are sources of phytochemicals that function as antioxidants, phytoestrogens, and antiinflammatory agents and through other protective mechanisms. In this review, we describe the existing dietary guidance on intake of fruits and vegetables. We also review attempts to characterize fruits and vegetables into groups based on similar chemical structures and functions. Differences among fruits and vegetables in nutrient composition are detailed. We summarize the epidemiological and clinical studies on the health benefits of fruits and vegetables. Finally, we discuss the role of fiber in fruits and vegetables in disease prevention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)506-516
Number of pages11
JournalAdvances in Nutrition
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

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Insurance Benefits
Vegetables
Fruit
vegetables
fruits
dietary fiber
nutrient content
anti-inflammatory agents
Dietary Guidelines
plant estrogens
Phytoestrogens
Food
dietary recommendations
Nutrition Policy
Edible Plants
vegetable consumption
disease prevention
fruit consumption
food plants
Dietary Fiber

Cite this

Health benefits of fruits and vegetables. / Slavin, Joanne L; Lloyd, Beate.

In: Advances in Nutrition, Vol. 3, No. 4, 01.07.2012, p. 506-516.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Slavin, Joanne L ; Lloyd, Beate. / Health benefits of fruits and vegetables. In: Advances in Nutrition. 2012 ; Vol. 3, No. 4. pp. 506-516.
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