Head and neck sarcomas: The UCLA experience

Bobby A. Tajudeen, Jennifer Fuller, Chi Lai, Tristan Grogan, David Elashoff, Elliot Abemayor, Maie St. John

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16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose To profile the clinical presentation, subtype distribution, and treatment results of sarcomas of the head and neck at a single tertiary academic center over an 11-year period. Materials and methods A retrospective review was performed by examining the records and reviewing the pathology of 186 patients with head and neck sarcomas treated at UCLA Medical Center from 2000 to 2011. Results The mean age of the study population was 49 ± 22 years. 58% of the patients were male and 42% were female. Median duration of follow-up for the entire group was 18.5 months. The most common presenting symptom was a mass lesion in 59.9% of patients. The nasal cavity/sinus was the most common presenting site seen in 22% of patients. Solitary fibrous tumor/ hemangiopericytoma was the most common subtype. 15% of patients had evidence of prior radiation exposure. 26.3% of tumors were greater than 5 cm and 35.5% were high-grade. Margins were positive in 31.2% of patients. Lymph node metastasis was rare at 6.5%. Perineural invasion was identified in 6.5%. Among all subtypes, 5-year recurrence-free survival and overall survival were 50% and 49%, respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that grade and margin status were predictors of recurrence-free survival while grade and age affected overall survival. Conclusions Head and neck sarcomas are a rare entity frequently presenting as a mass lesion. In our series, lesions tended to be high-grade with a significant portion of surgical specimens having positive margins. Grade and margin status were the most important predictors of survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)476-481
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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    Tajudeen, B. A., Fuller, J., Lai, C., Grogan, T., Elashoff, D., Abemayor, E., & St. John, M. (2014). Head and neck sarcomas: The UCLA experience. American Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery, 35(4), 476-481. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2014.02.003