Understanding the effects of management on forest structure and function is increasingly important in light of projected increases in both natural and anthropogenic disturbance severity and frequency with global environmental change. We examined potential impacts of the procurement of forest-derived bioenergy, a change in land use that has been suggested as a climate change mitigation strategy, on the productivity and structural development of aspen-dominated ecosystems. Specifically, we tested the effects of two factors: organic matter removal (stem-only harvest, whole-tree harvest, whole-tree harvest plus forest floor removal) and soil compaction (light, moderate, and heavy) over time. This range of treatments, applied across three sites dominated by aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) but with different soil textures, allowed us to characterize how disturbance severity influences ecosystem recovery. Disturbance severity significantly affected above-ground biomass production and forest structural development with responses varying among sites. At the Huron National Forest (sandy soils), the removal of harvest residues reduced above-ground biomass production, but no negative effect was observed following whole-tree harvest at the Ottawa and Chippewa National Forests (clayey and loamy soils, respectively) relative to stem-only harvest. Maximum diameter and the density of stems greater than 5. cm DBH exhibited negative responses to increased disturbance severity at two sites, indicating that structural development may be slowed. Overall, results suggest that disturbance severity related to procuring harvest residues for bioenergy production may impact future productivity and development, depending on site conditions and quality.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was made possible by the efforts of many USDA Forest Service scientists and technicians who started the LTSP study two decades ago and have maintained it since. The authors would like to specifically thank John Elioff, Doug Kastendick, and Josh Kragthorpe in this regard. Mike Carson, Frank Falzone, Sarah Graves, and Megan Buchanan provided technical assistance or helpful suggestions. Lastly, thank you to two anonymous reviewers for comments and critiques that improved the manuscript. Funding was provided by the DOE / USDA Biomass Research and Development Initiative and the USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station .
- Populus tremuloides
- Structural development