Halitosis: a review of current literature.

Brenda L. Armstrong, Michelle L. Sensat, Jill L Stoltenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


PURPOSE: Halitosis is defined as an unpleasant odor that emanates from the oral cavity with intra-oral and/or extra-oral origins. Fifty percent of people worldwide view themselves as having halitosis, with 90% of the etiology being intra-oral. Dental hygiene practitioners should be knowledgeable about the current classifications, diagnosis and treatment modalities to best meet the needs of patients either self-reporting or diagnosed with this problem. Classification of halitosis, assessment, diagnosis, intra-oral and systemic contributing factors, treatment, management and clinical application are discussed in this review.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-74
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of dental hygiene : JDH / American Dental Hygienists' Association
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2010


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