Hair physiology and grooming

Maria Hordinsky, Sherman Chu, Ana Paula Avancini Caramori, Jeff C. Donovan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Human hair keratins consist of more than acidic and basic proteins which are expressed in various compartments of the hair follicle. This chapter reviews the physiology of hair, grooming techniques including the science and use of shampoos, conditioners, and hair camouflage techniques. The hair follicle generates a complex fiber which may be straight, curly, or somewhere in between. Cleaning hair is viewed as a complex task because of the area that needs to be treated. Anionic detergents have a negatively charged hydrophilic polar group and are quite good at removing sebum; however, they tend to leave hair rough, dull with frizz, and subject to static electricity. Natural detergents were used for hair cleansing in ancient times and more recently, botanically based hair products have become popular. Patients have a variety of options available to camouflage their hair loss, ranging from temporary to permanent techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCosmetic Dermatology
Subtitle of host publicationProducts and Procedures
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781119676881
ISBN (Print)9781118655467
StatePublished - Feb 4 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


  • Anionic detergents
  • Cleaning hair
  • Grooming techniques
  • Hair camouflage techniques
  • Hair follicle
  • Hair products
  • Human hair keratins
  • Natural detergents


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