Gut microbiota-stem cell niche crosstalk: A new territory for maintaining intestinal homeostasis

Ning Ma, Xiyue Chen, Lee J. Johnston, Xi Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intestinal epithelium undergoes rapid cellular turnover, relying on the local niche, to support intestinal stem cells (ISCs) function and self-renewal. Research into the association between ISCs and disease continues to expand at a rapid rate. However, the detailed interaction of ISCs and gut microbes remains to be elucidated. Thus, this review witnessed major advances in the crosstalk between ISCs and gut microbes, delivering key insights into (1) construction of ISC niche and molecular mechanism of how to jointly govern epithelial homeostasis and protect against intestinal diseases with the participation of Wnt, bone morphogenetic protein, and Notch; (2) differentiation fate of ISCs affect the gut microbiota. Meanwhile, the presence of intestinal microbes also regulates ISC function; (3) microbiota regulation on ISCs by Wnt and Notch signals through pattern recognition receptors; (4) how do specific microbiota-related postbiotics influence ISCs to maintain intestinal epithelial regeneration and homeostasis that provide insights into a promising alternative therapeutic method for intestinal diseases. Considering the detailed interaction is still unclear, it is necessary to further explore the regulatory role of gut microbiota on ISCs to utilize microbes to alleviate gut disorders. Furthermore, these major advances collectively drive us ever closer to breakthroughs in regenerative medicine and cancer treatment by microbial transplantation in the clinic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere54
JournaliMeta
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. iMeta published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of iMeta Science.

Keywords

  • intestinal disease
  • intestinal stem cell
  • microbiota
  • niche
  • postbiotic

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Gut microbiota-stem cell niche crosstalk: A new territory for maintaining intestinal homeostasis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this