Gut microbiota and its metabolites: Bridge of dietary nutrients and obesity-related diseases

Min Zhou, Lee J. Johnston, Chaodong Wu, Xi Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

While the incidence of obesity keeps increasing in both adults and children worldwide, obesity and its complications remain major threatens to human health. Over the past decades, accumulating evidence has demonstrated the importance of microorganisms and their metabolites in the pathogenesis of obesity and related diseases. There also is a significant body of evidence validating the efficacy of microbial based therapies for managing various diseases. In this review, we collected the key information pertinent to obesity-related bacteria, fermentation substrates and major metabolites generated by studies involving humans and/or mice. We then briefly described the possible molecular mechanisms by which microorganisms cause or inhibit obesity with a focus on microbial metabolites. Lastly, we summarized the advantages and disadvantages of the utilization of probiotics, plant extracts, and exercise in controlling obesity. We speculated that new targets and combined approaches (e.g. diet combined with exercise) could lead to more precise prevention and/or alleviation of obesity in future clinical research implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCritical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Keywords

  • exercise
  • mechanisms
  • Microbiota
  • plant extracts
  • probiotics

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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