Both humoral and cell-mediated autoimmune mechanisms have been implicated in the pathogenesis of Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS). Therefore, its occurrence in severely immunocompromised patients is not expected. We identified 3 severely immunocompromised patients who developed GBS. Two of the 3 patients had acquired immunodeficiency syndrome with CD4 counts of 5 and 4 cells/mm3, respectively. One post-cardiac transplant patient was taking azathioprine and cyclosporine at the time of onset of GBS. In all 3 patients, immunocompromise was induced by infectious or chemotherapeutic agents which preferentially suppress T-lymphocyte responses. All 3 had severe lymphocytopenia and incomplete recovery. We conclude that GBS can occur in patients with severe t-cell suppression. Although no conclusion regarding prognosis can be drawn from our small group of patients, their incomplete recovery is consistent with the idea that T-cells are important for recovery.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Muscle and Nerve|
|State||Published - 1997|
- Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome