Guided Imagery for Smoking Cessation in Adults: A Randomized Pilot Trial

Hilary A. Tindle, Elizabeth M. Barbeau, Roger B. Davis, David M. Eisenberg, Elyse R. Park, Russell S. Phillips, Nancy A. Rigotti

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7 Scopus citations


This pilot study describes a randomized controlled trial of an audio CD—based interactive guided imagery program for smoking cessation for adults versus a wait-listed control. Feasibility, process measures, and biochemically validated abstinence were assessed at end of treatment (6 weeks) and 12 weeks, as well as at 52 weeks for intervention participants. Fifty-nine percent of intervention participants attended four of six guided imagery sessions, and 94% found the technique helpful for smoking cessation. Intervention participants had greater readiness to quit (Readiness to Quit Ladder, 8.3 vs. 7.2, p<.05) and lower state anxiety (Spielberger Index, 32 vs. 38, p<.05) at end of treatment than the control group. Abstinence rates in the intervention versus control groups were 36% versus 18% (p=.43) at 6 weeks and 30% versus 12% (p=.40) at 12 weeks, respectively. At 1 year, 24% of intervention participants remained abstinent. A guided imagery program for smoking cessation was feasible, perceived to be helpful, improved intermediate measures, and resulted in a trend toward smoking cessation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)166-175
Number of pages10
JournalComplementary Health Practice Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 2006


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