Ground-state phases of the frustrated spin-12 J 1-J 2-J 3 Heisenberg ferromagnet (J 1<0) on the honeycomb lattice with J 3=J 20

P. H.Y. Li, R. F. Bishop, D. J.J. Farnell, J. Richter, C. E. Campbell

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We study the ground-state (GS) properties of the frustrated spin-12 J 1-J 2-J 3 Heisenberg model on the two-dimensional honeycomb lattice with ferromagnetic nearest-neighbor (J 1=-1) exchange and frustrating antiferromagnetic next-nearest-neighbor (J 20) and next-next-nearest-neighbor (J 30) exchanges, for the case J 3=J 2. We use the coupled-cluster method implemented to high orders of approximation, complemented by the Lanczos exact diagonalization of a large finite lattice with 32 sites, in order to calculate the GS energy, magnetic order parameter, and spin-spin correlation functions. In one scenario we find a quantum phase transition point between regions characterized by ferromagnetic order and a form of antiferromagnetic ("striped") collinear order at J2c 0.1095±0.0005, which is below the corresponding hypothetical transition point at J2cl=17 ( 0.143) for the classical version of the model, in which we momentarily ignore the intervening noncollinear spiral phase in the region 110<J 2<15. Hence we see that quantum fluctuations appear to stabilize somewhat the collinear antiferromagnetic order in preference to the ferromagnetic order in this model. We compare results for the present ferromagnetic case (with J 1=-1) to previous results for the corresponding antiferromagnetic case (with J 1=+1). The magnetic order parameter is found to behave similarly for the ferromagnetic and the antiferromagnetic models for large values of the frustration parameter J 2. However, there are considerable differences in the behavior of the order parameters for the two models for J 2/|J 1| 0.6. For example, the quasiclassical collinear magnetic long-range order for the antiferromagnetic model (with J 1=+1) breaks down at J2c 2 0.60, whereas the "equivalent" point for the ferromagnetic model (with J 1=-1) occurs at J2c 0.11. Unlike in the antiferromagnetic model (with J 1=+1), where a plaquette valence-bond crystal phase intrudes between the two corresponding quasiclassical antiferromagnetic phases (with Néel and striped order) for J2c 1<J 2<J2c 2, with J2c 1 0.47, we find no clear indications at all in the ferromagnetic model for an intermediate magnetically disordered phase between the corresponding phases exhibiting ferromagnetic and striped order. Instead the evidence for the ferromagnetic model (with J 1=-1) points to one of two scenarios: either there is a direct first-order transition between the two magnetically ordered phases, as mentioned above; or there exists an intervening phase between them in the very narrow range 0.10 J 2 0.12, which is probably a remnant of the spiral phase that exists in the classical counterpart of the model over the larger range 110<J 2<15.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number085115
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number8
StatePublished - Feb 21 2012

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