Gray matter volume deficits are associated with motor and attentional impairments in adolescents with schizophrenia

Sanjiv Kumra, Manzar Ashtari, Jinghui Wu, Donaya Hongwanishkul, Tonya White, Kelly Cervellione, John Cottone, Philip R. Szeszko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cognitive deficits have been well described in adolescents with schizophrenia, but little is known about the neuroanatomical basis of these abnormalities. The authors examined whether neuropsychological deficits observed in adolescents with schizophrenia were associated with cortical gray matter volume deficits. Volumes of the superior frontal gyrus, anterior cingulate gyrus and orbital frontal lobe were outlined manually from contiguous MR images and automatically segmented into gray and white matter in 52 patients and 48 healthy volunteers. Subjects received a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery, assessing five different functional domains: executive, attention, verbal memory, motor and sensory motor. Children and adolescents with schizophrenia were found to have lower total cortical and lower superior frontal gyrus gray matter volumes and lower test scores across all functional domains compared to healthy volunteers. Among patients, the lower total cortical gray matter volume was associated with worse functioning on the attention and motor domains. Our findings point to widespread, perhaps multifocal, pathology as contributing to cognitive dysfunction in adolescents with schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)939-943
Number of pages5
JournalProgress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2011

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Cortical parcellation
  • Frontal lobes
  • MRI
  • Schizophrenia

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