Gravestone decay and the determination of deciduous bulk canopy resistance to acid deposition

Howard D. Mooers, William J. Massman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Gravestone decay and atmospheric concentrations of SO2 are used to determine deposition velocities in two adjacent cemeteries in the Birmingham, UK, Jewellery Quarter. Warstone Lane cemetery is essentially open to the environment with only a limited number of trees. Key Hill Cemetery, located within 100 m, has a continuous canopy of 100 + year-old London plane; gravestone decay at Key Hill is 50% less than at Lane for the period after 1960. This difference is used to calculate canopy resistance as a residual term assuming that aerodynamic and quasilaminar resistances are generally similar at both sites. Calculated resistances range from approximately 300 to 900 sm− 1 and are consistent with estimated and calculated values from a wide variety of studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-556
Number of pages6
JournalScience of the Total Environment
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Partial funding for this study was provided by the University of Minnesota Duluth through discretionary funds provided by University Honors, the Swenson College of Science and Engineering, and the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program. Special thanks to Tony Sames, Liz Ross, and Diane and Chris Rance, for their logistical support, help, and friendship. John Pastor and anonymous reviewers provided valuable comments.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.


  • Canopy resistance
  • Deposition velocity
  • Gravestone decay
  • United Kingdom
  • Urban air quality


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