Graphs, causality, and stabilizability: Linear, shift-invariant systems on ℒ2[0, ∞)

Tryphon T Georgiou, Malcolm C. Smith

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This paper presents a number of basic elements for a system theory of linear, shift-invariant systems on ℒ2[0, ∞). The framework is developed from first principles and considers a linear system to be a linear (possibly unbounded) operator on ℒ2[0, ∞). The properties of causality and stabilizability are studied in detail, and necessary and sufficient conditions for each are obtained. The idea of causal extendibility is discussed and related to operators defined on extended spaces. Conditions for w-stabilizability and w-stability are presented. The graph of the system (operator) plays a unifying role in the definitions and results. We discuss the natural partial order on graphs (viewed as subspaces) and its relevance to systems theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-223
Number of pages29
JournalMathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1993


  • Causal extendibility
  • Causality
  • Linear graphs
  • Stabilizability
  • System theory
  • Time-invariance
  • w-Stability


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